Electives

Building Vocabulary (.50 credits) – Review of how to use a dictionary, the origin of words, review of the parts of speech, analogies, homonyms, homographs, strategies for critical recognition of small words in larger words, foreign terms, review of sounds made by /au/ and /aw/, initial and final consonants, and introduction of words that use silent letters.

Civics (.50 credits) – Civics Covers the areas of the definition and purpose of government, the English Magna Carta, House of Lords and Commons, Thomas Jefferson and the founding fathers’ objectives, the drafting of the Declaration of Independence, the English Bill of Rights, the Preamble, religion, the amendments to the Constitution, direct democracy, checks and balances, copyrights, patents, establishing the Presidential system, the definition of civil rights, women’s suffrage, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., affirmative action, and much more.

Cooperative Education/Work Experience (.50 credits) – This course is designed to provide the student with authentic experience in a business environment, in addition to a normal class schedule. Whether working full- or part-time, participating students must accumulate a minimum of 128 hours of verifiable work experience in order to earn one-half credit (or 256 hours to earn a full credit). Further course requirements include developing a job survey questionnaire, to be followed by three interviews—using the aforementioned job survey—with supervisors and/or other business professionals; a written summary of each interview is required. In addition, participating students must compose a job description of their work as well as a one-page essay on a future career choice. Finally, students will show various examples of resumes, and they will be expected to compose their own typed one-page personal resume before they earn their credit.

Elements of Reading 1 (.50 credits) – Covers pronunciation skills and symbols, review of consonants, vowels, verbs, word analysis skills, sight words, core subject words, words with multiple meanings, sequencing, alphabetization, comprehension skills including conflict and climax, fiction, non-fiction, fables, poetry, figurative language including alliteration, assonance, onomatopoeia, irony, personification, flashback, and foreshadowing. Selected authors include: Burnett, Longfellow, Irving, Defoe, Crane, Burns, and Poe.

Elements of Reading 2 (.50 credits) – Review of verbs, consonants, vowels, word analysis skills including Greek and Latin words, connotation and denotation, word similarities, abbreviations, comprehension skills including classifying, comparing and contrasting, recognizing cause and effect, point of view, literary terms, elements of fiction, examples of newspaper writing, poetry, drama, and figurative language. Selected authors include: Dickens, Twain,Washington, Crane, Stevenson, Hardy, London, Shelley, Dryden, and Sidney.

Elements of Reading 3 (.50 credits) – Review of consonants, vowels, verbs, word analysis skills including Greek and Latin words, compound words, antonyms, homonyms, core subject words, comprehension skills including recognizing outcomes and conclusions, cause and effect, predicting outcomes, common expressions, biography and autobiography, poetry, literary devices, and figurative language. Selected authors include: Tolstoy, Longfellow, Emerson, Henry, Franklin, Thoreau, Irving, Bierce, Bradstreet, Henry, Shakespeare, and Lawrence.

Elements of Writing 1 (.50 credits) – Student exercises include changing positive statements to negative statements using contractions, changing statements to questions by moving the verb, creating sentences from word lists, combining sentences, and changing questions into statements by moving the auxiliary verb.

Elements of Writing 2 (.50 credits) – Student exercises include changing singular nouns to plural nouns by changing the spelling, adding quantities to nouns, filling in the blanks of sentences using the words “much” and “many”, changing singular nouns to plural nouns, working with subject/verb agreement, and changing the tenses of verbs.

Elements of Writing 3 (.50 credits) – Student exercises include changing positive statements to negative statements, changing statements into questions by changing the verb position, changing questions into statements by moving the auxiliary verb position, combining sentences using correct punctuation, and combining three sentences into one sentence by using a compound verb.

Fitness/PE (.50 credits) – This course is designed to introduce the student to the many aspects of Physical Fitness Education—from nutrition to yoga/meditation to exercise and general well being. The participating student will earn one-half credit for 60 hours of classroom/gym time. The student will be expected to wear proper gym clothes—no jeans, no flip-flops, etc.—and obey the rules of the gym. As a representative of the school, the student will be expected to follow the instructor’s directions at all times.

Language Usage (.50 credits) – Review of all noun types, pronouns, verbs, degrees of comparison for adjectives and adverbs, participial phrases, restrictive and non-restrictive clauses, diagramming, punctuation, colons, semicolons, quotations, letter writing, shifts in tense, point of view, and problem words.

Math Skills 1 (.50 credits) – Math Skills 1 focuses on covering place value, commutative, associative, zero, one, and distributive properties, inverse operations, factors, number theory, mixed numbers, ratios, percent concepts, markups, commissions, steps to solving equations, measurement of length, mass/weight, metric units, points, angles, calculating perimeter, area, volume, using a number line, and graphing ordered pairs on a coordinate axis.

Math Skills 2 (.50 credits) – Math Skills 2 strengthens mathematical knowledge and ability in the areas of rounding numbers, positive and negative rational numbers, order of operations, proportion, scales, randomly occurring events, counting principle factorials, introduction to algebra, points, rays, quadrilaterals, polyhedrons, cones, formulas for the area of plane figures, the Pythagorean Theorem, statistics, translating word phrases into algebraic expressions with integers, slope, binomials, determinants, and Cramer’s rule.

Pre-Algebra (.50 credits) – This course covers number notation, the multiplicative property of zero, operational symbols, inverse operations of multiplication and division, rules for solving equations by adding and subtracting integers, factors and exponents, fractions, graphing on the coordinate plane, slope and intercept, decimals and percents, statistics, scatter plots, the counting principle, definitions of basic geometric terms, circles, area, volume, sine and cosine ratios, and the Pythagorean Theorem.

Real World Math (.50 credits) – Students will use math skills and apply them to real life situations in a variety of lessons. The curriculum develops a student’s mathematical understanding of banking, loans, credit cards, stocks and bonds, and utility costs. Students will be able to calculate a budget, their salaries, housing and automobile costs, as well as learn about and practice filling out tax forms.

Social Sciences (.50 credits) – Topic areas include making economic decisions, management of resources, AFL-CIO, unions, collective bargaining, the definition of anthropology, ethnography, human ancestors, origin of languages, community, mores, culture, divorce, deities, Aristotle, the development of psychology and philosophy, observation, Pavlov, psychosis, Hippocrates, introverts, and much more.

Sociology (.50 credits) – Sociology is the study of groups, communities and societies. The process of socialization, norms, folkways and mores, scientific research, social behavior, social institutions, culture, population, minorities, and changes to the informal and formal structure of society are explored in depth. Students apply research strategies to the detailed examination of sociological data and statistics from numerous studies by various United States federal agencies as they work through a series of study units.

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